PRESENT SIMPLE – PRESENT CONTINUOUS
1. Where’s Lizzie? She (sleep) in her room.
2. Don’t forget to take your umbrella with you to London. You know it always (rain) in England.
3. Mary always (sing) but she (not sing) at the moment.
4. Look! That girl (run) after the bus. She (want) to catch it.
5. He (dance) Flamingo so well because he (come) from Spain.
6. The birthday celebrant (come). We (suprise) him in a minute and nothing is ready!
7. you usually (take) the bus or you (walk) today?
8. She (have) some roses. They (smell) lovely.
9. Oh no! Look! It (snow) again. It always (snow) in this country.
10. Mary often (draw), but she (not draw) now.
11. you (enjoy) this party? Yes, I (have) a great time!
12. Sorry I can’t help you. I (not know) where she keeps her files.
13. What you(do) next Sunday? Nothing special. I (go) to the city.
14. I (think) your new dress (look) nice.
15. I (live) with my parents, but right now I (stay) with some friends for a few days.
16. I can’t talk on the phone now. I (drive).
17. Where are the children? They (lie) on the beach over there.
18. You never (listen) to a word I say! You always (listen) to that mp3 player!
19. He (not understand) what you (talk) about. He’s foreign.
20. How much your suitcase (weigh)? It (look) really heavy.
Answers with explanation:
1. is sleeping – the action is being done at the time of speaking or now
Note: we use am for I+ing, is +ing, are+ ing
2. it always rains – it’s a fact and/or general truth
3. sings/ is not singing – we use the simple present with always, often, sometimes, never usually, hardly and every to show the frequency of the action/ we use the present continuous for actions being done at the moment
4. is running/ wants- an action being done now/ want is a stative verb therefore it does not have ing form
5. dances/ comes – a fact
6. is coming/are surprising- Present continuous for the purpose of a future action
7. Do-take/ are-walking- Present simple for a routine or a repeated action/ we use the present continuous form if we use today as it connotes that the action is going to happen any time today
8. has/smell- she is singular therefore we use has / stative verb
9. is snowing/ snows- ing form for the word now/ a general truth or a fact
10. draws/is not drawing- a repeated action/ an action being done now
11. are-enjoying/am-having- both are being done now or are true at the moment of speaking
12. don’t know – know is a stative verb
13. are-doing/ am-going – both use ing form for future purposes
14. think/looks- think for the purpose of an opinion should be in the present simple form/ looks for the singular form ‘it’
15. live/am staying- We use the present simple form for a state that is always true/ we use the continuous form for a state that is true at the moment and might change later
16. am driving- an action being done now
note: most one syllable verbs ending in e, we delete the e and add ing
examples: take-taking, dance-dancing, make-making, bake-baking
17. are lying- an action right now
18. listen/ are –listening- we use the present simple for never and we use the ing with always when an action connotes that the action is being done in specific circumstances- in this case it is every time the speaker tells something to the other person
19. does not understand/ are talking- understand is a stative verb/ an action being done now
20.does-weigh/ looks- we use does for a singular subject/ add s or es for singular subject